The Covenants of God
The Christian religious organizations of the world mainly preach that there is the Old and New Covenant, but the Bible talks about several other covenants that God made with man. These agreements help us to understand the dealings God was having with man and the results that would occur. (present or future) A covenant is a binding agreement that is made by two or more persons or parties. God’s covenants were simple and direct.
The Davidic Covenant: The covenant with David is the fourth of the theocratic covenants (pertaining to the rule of God). In this covenant David is promised three things: ( 2 Samuel 7:4-17)
a land forever
an unending dynasty
an everlasting kingdom
The birth of Solomon (David’s son) is predicted. His particulate role is to establish the throne of the Davidic Kingdom forever. His throne continues, though his seed is cursed in the person of Jeconiah (Coniah), who was king under whom the nation was carried captive to Babylon. Jeremiah prophesies that no one whose genealogical descent could be traced back to David through Jeconiah and Solomon would ever sit on David’s throne (Jeremiah 22:24-30). Joseph, the legal, but not physical, father of Jesus traces his lineage to David through Jeconiah (Matthew 1:1-17). David, however, had another son, Nathan. His line was not cursed. Mary, the physical mother of Jesus, traces her lineage back to David through Nathan (Luke 3:23-38). Notice the care and the extent to which God goes to keep His word and to preserve its truthfulness. The virgin birth was absolutely essential not only to assure the sinless character of Jesus but also to fulfill the Davidic Covenant. Jesus receives His “blood right” to David’s throne through His earthly mother, Mary, and His “legal right” to David’s throne through His adoptive earthly father, Joseph. The virgin birth guarantees that one of David’s line will sit on the throne and rule forever, while at the same time preserving intact the curse and restrictions on the line of descent through Jeconiah.